Optical Glass
Nearly all the technological knowledge needed to manufacture
optical glass was present since the ancient times.
Glass occurs in Egypt and Babylon in 2600 B.C., bottles were
made 14th - 15th century B.C., and large scale production in
Egypt dates from the 6th century B.C.
Glass blowing is discovered at Sidon in the first century and
clear glass is made at Alexandria at about the same time. In
Roman times glassworks are established in Italy, Spain, and
the Rineland.
In the 13th century Venice again discovers how to make clear
glass and established a virtual monopoly.